Canadian numeral precancelsCanadian precancels were first issued in 1889. Early varieties were cancelled by rubber rollers in various designs of straight, wavy and interrupted lines. The different designs are identified by the letters A to U, with the distinction that the letters O, P and Q are not used. In 1912, precancels was introduced, consisting of three pairs of horizontal lines. These are types V, W and X. A last type of two pairs of horizontal lines, type Y was issued in the 1970s.
Line cancels began to be replaced with town and city cancels in 1903 and a printing press was set up in Ottawa to do these. In general the precancel looks like this: two horizontal lines in the middle, above them the city name, below them the name of the province. In total 55 cities used such precancels until 1922. There are many different types and values, making a total of 1150 different precancels of this type to collect.
Starting in 1931, city name types were replaced by Numbers according to the Dominion Post Order system. 47 different cities used this type of precancels and together they produced 452 different stamps. Eventually, the numeral cancels were phased out and replaced by the horizontal bars types V, W, X and Y.
CANADIAN PRECANCEL STAMP CODES NOVA SCOTIA X275 Halifax NEW BRUNSWICK X809 Moncton X910 St. John X945 Sackville QUEBEC 0592 Lennoxville 0700 Montreal 1050 Quebec 1142 Rock Island 1470 Saint Hyacinthe 1810 Sherbrooke ONTARIO 2186 Beamsville 2310 Brantford 2342 Brockville 2450 Carfleton Place 2575 Cobourg 2980 Galt 3080 Guelph 3100 Hamilton 3340 Kingston 3366 Kitchener 3445 Lindsay 3070 London Ontario (Error, should have been 3470) 3470 London 3800 Niagara Falls 3893 Oshawa 3900 Ottawa 3975 Owen Sound 4004 Paris 4035 Peterborough 4260 Saint Thomas 4530 Toronto 4900 Weston 4940 Windsor 4970 Woodstock MANITOBA 5099 Brandon 5850 Winnipeg SASKATCHEWAN 7120 Moose Jaw 7420 Regina 7550 Saskatoon 7977 Yorktown ALBERTA 8160 Calgary 8360 Edmonton 8605 Lethbridge 8802 Red Deer BRITISH COLUMBIA 9500 New Westminster 9780 Vancouver 9890 Victoria